Asthma is a chronic disease. When anyone has an asthma attack, the airways become inflamed and an individual can have problems breathing. One also experiences coughing and wheezing during an asthma attack. If the inflamed airways are not treated, an asthma attack could be fatal. There are many reasons why an individual may be suffering from asthma. In most cases, the person has a family history of asthma and allergies. In other cases, one may have been experienced to dust mites and other antigens as a child. Over time, this develops into asthma.
May is the national awareness month for asthma and allergies. This is why efforts must be made in order to create awareness amongst people regarding this disease. Asthma attacks are quite severe but they can be prevented using certain methods. When it comes to asthma, awareness and prevention is the only cure.
Number of People Suffering from Asthma
The number of people suffering from asthma is constantly growing. Back in 2001 only 7% of the American population suffered from asthma. This meant that only 1 in every 14 people had asthma. Even though this number is quite high, this is quite less as compared to the figures today. This number gradually increased to 8% in 2009 which means that 1 in every 12 individuals suffer from asthma. According to recent studies, about 25 million Americans suffered from asthma in 2009 and 20 million in 2001. Out of these 25 million individuals, over 7 million are under the age of 18.
Asthma attacks are usually linked to a trigger. The trigger can be anything, from dust to smoke. Once the attack is triggered, it causes obstruction in the lungs, making it difficult for the individual to breathe.
Common Asthma Triggers
An asthma attack needs a trigger and that is when it constricts the airways. There are many things that can trigger an asthma attack. Let’s look at common asthma triggers:
- Allergies and Colds: Allergies and colds are not exactly a cause for asthma, but if you have asthma and you develop allergies, you can have an attack the moment you are infected. This is why if you have asthma, you should avoid allergy triggers. Also eat healthy to boost your immune system.
- Smoke from Cigarettes: In many cases, the trigger for an asthma attack is secondhand cigarette smoke. If you are travelling and see someone smoking, move away. Passive smoking is dangerous as it is and it can also trigger a serious asthma attack.
- Dust: Dust can also irritate airways and cause asthma attacks. Individuals suffering from asthma should make it a point to stay away from dust. Avoid cleaning and other activities that involve dealing with dust. If cleaning is inevitable, try to limit your exposure by covering your nose and mouth with a bandana or mask of some kind.
Air Purifiers Can Prevent Allergies
Many types of allergies are transmitted through the air. Even if you keep the windows and doors of your home closed, there are still dust particles that can enter. During spring season, allergies can be triggered by the pollen released by flowers. If ignored, this could result in serious asthma and allergy issues for an individual. Air purifiers are an ideal tool for preventing allergies. It filters the air in your home. This way, if dust and pollen particles manage to get into your home, the air purifier rids the air of them.
While air purifiers are extremely efficient, they are not always the answer. You cannot have an air purifier with you all the time. This is why you should try to avoid exposing yourself to items that trigger these allergies. If you currently have carpeting in your home, you should consider replacing it with a different flooring type. Carpets and rugs typically house dust and pollen particles. When you walk on the carpet, it sends the particles in the air and eventually you breathe them in.
This triggers the allergies. Many people may have pet allergies. If you have a pet, try some of these tips. Many people have managed to control their allergies simply by keeping pets out of their bedroom.
How to Equip a Child’s Room or Nursery to Prevent Allergies and Asthma
Kids are most vulnerable to allergies and asthma. This is because their immune systems are not as strong as adults. This is why children need special attention when it comes to preventing allergies. There are many ways you can prevent allergies in children. The best way is to make their room or nursery allergy proof. Here are a few tips you can use to keep the kids safe from allergies in a nursery or their room:
- Special Type Of Flooring
New flooring should be considered first when trying to prevent allergies because it is the most common culprit behind allergies. If your floor is such that it can retain dust and pollen particles, it can cause allergies. The most common type of flooring that can cause allergies is carpeting. However, there some types of carpets that do not retain dust. You should check with a manufacturer regarding a carpeting material that does not hold dust. The best flooring option is wood, vinyl or any other type of solid, non-porous flooring.
- Furry Stuffed Toys
Nurseries and children’s rooms often have stuffed toys. These toys work exactly like furry carpets and store dust and pollen. In addition, the stuffing within the toys also stores dust. This is why you should avoid giving stuffed toys to children. Plastic and rubber toys are ideal as they do not retain dust. If your child has a few stuffed animals that are precious to him or her, make sure that they are regularly cleaned to keep dust from accumulating on them.
- Air Purifier
The best thing you can do to prevent allergies in your children is to install air purifiers. Purifiers clean the air in the room and keep dust particles away. This is a sure shot way to prevent allergies in children.
Fortunately, asthma is not a life-threatening disease in children. Most asthma related deaths involve adults. However, it is a great idea to be aware of the causes and preventive measures of this disease. After all, there is no cure for asthma, so prevention is paramount.